Yogyakarta, The Wellspring of Javanese High Culture
Yogyakarta or Jogja as the locals call it, is a very special place and one of Indonesia’s most popular and regal destination. Yogyakarta is the only region in Indonesia that continues to be governed by a hereditary monarch. Being a Republic since 1945, as well as one of the world’s largest democracies, Indonesia is no longer ruled by kings, although the nation as a long history of kings.
The Kraton of Yogyakarta dates from the mid-18th century. It is a prime example of Javanese palace architecture. The complex belongs to the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. But Jogja is an exception. Granted, a “special Region” status, the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is still very much functional and the Sultan has also served as the unelected governor of Jogja.
Before 1755 Surakarta or Solo was the capital of Mataram Kingdom. After the treaty of Giyanti in 1755, Mataram was devided into two kingdoms are Kasunanan Palace in Solo and Sultan Palace in Yogyakarta. Following the treaty, Prince Mangkubumi the brother of Susuhunan Pakubuwono II the King of Kasunanan Palace, was crowned as the King of Sultan Palace in Yogyakarta. He was then called Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. The Sultan’s Palace or Kraton, with its grand elegent Javanese architecture, lay in the centre of Jogja city. It was built in 1755 by Prince Mangkubumi was then called Sultan Hamengku Buwono I.
Javanese weddings are known for their elaborate processions which could begin days before the nuptial, and last up to seven days. A strict dress code is applied to guests and those who are allowed to enter the ceremony hall. Javanese Keraton Wedding is only eligible for the sultanate family members
Transportation to the Yogyakarta Kraton
The Kraton is right in the middle of downtown Yogyakarta, and is easily accessible from either Malioboro Road or the tourist area at Jalan Sastrowijayan. Taxis, andong (horse-drawn carriages) and becak (rickshaw) can take you to the Kraton from anywhere within downtown Jogjakarta.
- Address: Panembahan, Kraton, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
- Phone: +62 274 313177
- Opening hours: 8am to 2pm, every day
- Entrance fee: IDR 12,000 (about $1.25)