Kopi luwak, Enjoyment of coffee
Kopi Luwak or civet Coffee is coffee made from the beans of coffee berries which have been eaten by the Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus Hermaphroditus) and other related civets. A civet eats the berries for their fleshy pulp. In its stomach, proteolytic enzymes seep into the beans, making shorter peptides and more free amino acids. Passing through a civet’s intestines the beans are then defecated, keeping their shape. After gathering, thorough washing, sun drying, light roasting and brewing, these beans yield an aromatic coffee with much less bitterness, widely noted as the most expensive coffe in the world.
Kopi Luwak is produced mainly on the islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali and Sulawesi in the Indonesian Archipelago. Kopi Luwak tastes unlike heavy roasted coffees, since roasting levels range only from cinnamon color to medium with little or no caramelization of sugars within the beans as happens with heavy roasting. Moreover, kopi luwaks which have very smooth profiles are most often given a lighter roast. Iced kopi luwak brews may bring out some flavors not found in other coffees. Sumatra is the world’s largest regional producer of Kopi Luwak. Sumatra civet coffee beans are mostly an early arabica variety cultivated in the Indonesian archipelago since the seventeenth century. Kopi Luwak is the most expensive coffee in the world. selling for between US $100 and $600 per pound. It is sold by weight mainly in Japan and the United States and served in Southeast Asian Coffeehouses by the cup. Sources vary widely as to annual worldwide production.