Borobudur Temple, A miracle Temple in the 9th Century
Borobudur is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, which is the biggest temple in Indonesia. Borobudur Temple was built by using the / – 55,000 m3 of rock. This building height to the top is 42m, with a base width of 123 m. It is upright and sturdy mount to the sky and part of the history of 12th-century-old.When exactly this temple was founded is not known with certainty. The absence of written evidence caused the full darkness of Borobudur. Determination of age was conducted by observing the basic pattern and carved temple-style carvings, showing pattern of Central Java at 8th century BC.
This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Millions of people longing to visit the buildings which is included in UNESCO World Wonder Heritages. Not surprisingly, because as a place of worship, Borobudur is architecturally and functionally attractive and has become one of the wonders of the world. Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of Old Mataram Kingdom, Sailendra descendants. Based on Kayumwungan inscription, an Indonesian named Hudaya Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship which was completed on May 26 824, nearly a hundred years since the early days it was built.
The name of Borobudur itself according to some people means a mountain having terraces (budhara), while the other says that Borobudur means monastery on the high places. Borobudur has berundak punden shape and consists of 10 levels. Its height was 42 meters before being renovated and 34.5 meters after the renovation, because the lowest level was used as guard. Six lowest level and square in the upper three floors and a circular highest level of Buddhist stupa are facing to the west. Each level represents the stage of human life.
In accordance to Buddha Mahayana, anyone who wants to reach the level of Buddha must go through each of those life stages The base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, is symbolizing human beings that are still bound by lust. Four levels mentioned above represents Rupadhatu humans who have set themselves free from lust but still tied to appearance and shape. At these levels, a statue of Buddha placed in open space. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddhist stupa placed in the holes is called Arupadhatu, symbolizing human beings that have been freed from lust, appearance, and shape. The top part is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.